Patrick Dumberry


Patrick Dumberry
Directeur, Revue générale de droit et Professeur agrégé

Doctorat, Institut universitaire de hautes études internationales, Genève, Suisse, 2006
Diplôme d'études supérieures (D.E.S.), Institut universitaire de hautes études internationales, Genève, Suisse, 2000
LL.B., Faculté de droit, Université de Montréal, 1996
B.Sc., science politique, Université de Montréal, 1995

57, rue Louis-Pasteur, bureau 507

Bureau: 613-562-5800 ext. 4286
Télécopieur: 613-562-5800 ext. 4286

Courriel professionnel:

Patrick Dumberry


Expérience professionnelle

  • 2008-2009, Avocat au sein du Ministère des affaires étrangères et du commerce du Canada (Trade Law Bureau), Ottawa 
  • 2006-2008, Avocat chez Ogilvy Renault (Norton Rose Fulbright), Montréal 
  • Etés 2006 à 2012, Chargé de cours à la Faculté de droit de l'Université McGill & Penn State (Montreal Summer Study Program in Arbitration) 
  • 2000-2006, Avocat chez Lalive, Genève, Suisse 
  • 1998-2000, Avocat chez Lenz & Staehelin, Genève, Suisse
  • Professeur invité: World Trade Institute, Bern, Suisse, Summer Academy 2016
  • Membre du Barreau du Québec (1997)
  • Professeur, World Trade Institute Summer Academy 2015.

Publications et Communications

Monographies / Books

  1. State Succession to International Responsibility, Leiden & Boston, Martinus Nijhoff Publ., 2007, 520 pages (Récipiendaire du prix “High Technical Craftsmanship and Utility to Practicing Lawyers and Scholars” 2008 de l’American Society of International Law).
  2. The Fair and Equitable Treatment Standard under International Law: A Guide to NAFTA Article 1105 Case Law, Wolters Kluwer (2013) (voir aussi Blog Post: "The Emergence of a Consistent Case Law: How NAFTA Tribunals have Interpreted the Fair and Equitable Treatment Standard", Kluwer Arbitration Blog, September 2013).
  3. The Formation and Identification of Rules of Customary International Law in International Investment Law (Cambridge University Press, 2016).
  4. (avec Marcelo G. Kohen), Articles-by-Articles Commentary of the resolution of the Institut de Droit international on State Succession in Matters of State Responsibility (2018).
  5. A Guide to State Succession in Investment International Investment Law (Elgar Publ. 2018).
  6. Fair and Equitable Treatment: Its Interaction with the Minimum Standard and its Customary Status (Brill Research Perspectives in International Investment Law and Arbitration, 2018).


Articles publiés dans des ouvrages collectifs / Articles in Books

  1. "Moral Damages", in: Christina Beharry (ed), Contemporary and Emerging Issues on the Law of Damages and Valuation in International Investment Arbitration (Brill, 2018).
  2. "Fair and Equitable Treatment", in: Stefanie Schacherer & Makane Moïse Mbengue ‎(eds), Foreign Investment under the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) (Springer, 2018).
  3. "Customary International Law", in: Krista Nadakavukaren Schefer & Thomas Cottier (eds.), Encyclopedia of International Economic Law, (Elgar Publ. 2017).
  4. "The ‘Minimum Standard of Treatment’ in International Investment Law: The Fascinating Story of the Emergence, the Decline and the Recent Resurrection of a Concept", in: Luca Pasquet, Klara Polackova Van der Ploeg, and Léon Castellanos Jankiewicz (eds), International Law and Time: Narratives and Techniques: Proceedings of the conference International Law and Time (Springer, 2018).
  5. "Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS)", in: Anthony Vanduzer & Stephen Gelb, Foreign Investment Promotion and Regulation: Law, Economics and Policy (à paraître en 2017).
  6. "A Few Pragmatic Observations on How BITs should be Modified to Incorporate Human Rights Obligations", in: Kavaljit Singh & Burghard Ilge (éds), Rethinking Bilateral Investment Treaties: Critical Issues and Policy Choices, Madhyam & Both Ends, 2016.
  7. "La succession d'Etats en matière de responsabilité internationale et ses liens avec la responsabilité des Etats en matière de traités", in: G. Distephano & G. Gaggioli (éds.), Commentaire à la Convention de Vienne sur la succession d’États en matière de traités, Bruylant, Bruxelles, 2015, p. 1581-1608.
  8. "Drafting the Fair and Equitable Treatment Clause in the TPP and RCEP: Lessons Learned from the NAFTA Article 1105 Experience", in: Wenhua Shan & Mark Feldman (eds), Transnational Dispute Management Special Issue: The Pacific Rim and International Economic Law: Opportunities and Risks of the Pacific Century, 2015.
  9. "Moral  Damages", in:  M. Bungenberg, J. Griebel, S. Hobe & A. Reinisch (éds.), International Investment  Law: A Handbook, C.H Beck, Hart Publ., Nomos, 2015, p. 130-141.
  10. (avec Gabrielle Dumas-Aubin), "A Few Pragmatic Observations on How BITs should be Modified to Incorporate Human Rights Obligations", in: Jean E. Kalicki & Anna Joubin-Bret (eds.), Transnational Dispute Management Special Issue: Reform of Investor-State Dispute Settlement: In Search of A Roadmap(2014).
  11. (avec Gabrielle Dumas-Aubin), "The Doctrine of “Clean Hands” and the Inadmissibility of Claims by Investors Breaching International Human Rights Law", in: Ursula Kriebaum (éd), Transnational Dispute Management Special Issue: Aligning Human Rights and Investment Protection (2013).
  12. "International Investment Contracts", in: T. Gazzini & E. de Brabandere (éds.), International Investment Law. The Sources of Rights and Obligations, Martinus Nijhoff Publ. Brill, 2012, p. 215-243.
  13. "Corporate Investors’ International Legal Personality and their Accountability for Human Rights Violations under Investment Treaties", in: A. De Mestral & C. Lévesque (éds.), Improving International Investment Agreements, Londres, Routledge, 2012, p. 179-194.
  14. (avec Erik Labelle Eastaugh) "Non-State Actors in International Investment Law; The Legal Personality of Corporations and NGOs in the Context of Investor-State Arbitration", in: Jean d'Aspremont (ed.), Participants in the International Legal System : Multiple Perspectives on Non-State Actors in International Law, Londres,  Routledge-Cavendish, 2011, p. 360-371.
  15. "Lessons Learned from the Quebec Secession Reference before the Supreme Court of Canada", in: Marcelo G. Kohen (dir.) Secession: International Law Perspectives, Cambridge, Cambridge Univ. Press, 2006, p. 416-452.
  16. (avec Stephen L. Drymer) "Canada ’s Accession to the ICSID Convention and the 2006 Canada-Peru Bilateral Investment Treaty: New Protections and Opportunities for Investors", in: Carlos Alberto Soto Coaguila (ed.) El Arbitraje En El Perú Y El Mundo, Lima , "Arbitraje Comercial y Arbitraje de Inversión" series, 2008, p. 851-866.

Articles publiés dans des revues scientifiques (avec comité de lecture) / Articles in Peer Reviewed Journals

  1. "The Importation of ‘Better’ Fair and Equitable Treatment Standard Protection Through MFN Clauses: An analysis of NAFTA Article 1103", 14(1) TDM (2017).
  2. "Shopping for a Better Deal: The Use of MFN Clauses to Get ‘Better’ Fair and Equitable Treatment Protection", Arbitration International (2016), 1-16.
  3. "A Few Observations on the Remaining Fundamental Importance of Customary Rules in the Age of Treatification of International Investment Law", 34(1) Association Suisse de l’Arbitrage (ASA) Bulletin (2016), p. 41-61.
  4. "Has the Fair and Equitable Treatment Standard become a Rule of Customary international Law?" Journal of International Dispute Settlement (2016).
  5. "State of Confusion: The Doctrine of “Clean Hands” In Investment Arbitration after the Yukos Award", 17 Journal of World Investments and Trade (2016), p. 229-259.
  6. "The Importation of the Fair and Equitable Treatment Standard Through MFN Clauses: An Empirical Study of BITs",  ICSID Review-Foreign Investment Law Journal (2016).
  7. "The Role and Relevance of Awards in the Formation, Identification and Evolution of Customary Rules in International Investment Law", 33(3) Journal of International Arbitration (2016).
  8. "Statements as Evidence of State Practice for Custom Creation in International Investment Law", World Arbitration and Mediation Review (2016).
  9. "The Practice of States as Evidence of Custom: Fair and Equitable Treatment Standard Clauses in States’ Foreign Investment Laws", 2 McGill Journal of Dispute Resolution (2015-2016), p. 67.
  10. "The Question of Secession in Quebec", Diritto pubblico comparato ed europeo (Anna Mastromarino & Xavier Pons, éds.), (2015) 17(2), p. 257-380.
  11. "An Uncharted Question of State Succession: Are New States Automatically Bound by the BITs Concluded by Predecessor States Before Independence?", 6 Journal of International Dispute Settlement (2015), p. 74-96.
  12. "State Succession to Bilateral Treaties: A Few Observations on the Incoherent and Unjustifiable Solution Adopted for Secession and Dissolution of States under the 1978 Vienna Convention", 28 Leiden Journal of International Law, (2014), p. 13-31.  
  13. (avec  Sébastien Cusson), "Wrong Direction: “Exceptional Circumstances” and Moral Damages in International Investment Arbitration", 1(2) Journal of Damages in International Arbitration (2014).
  14. "Denial of Justice under NAFTA Article 1105: A Review of 20 Years of Case Law", 32(2) Association Suisse de l’Arbitrage (ASA) Bulletin (2014), p. 145-163.
  15. "Moving the Goal Post! How Some NAFTA Tribunals have Challenged the FTC Note of Interpretation on the Fair and Equitable Treatment Standard under NAFTA Article 1105", 8 World Arbitration and Mediation Review (2014).
  16. "Responsibility for Crimes Committed by the Ottoman Empire against the Armenian Population:  Are the Rules of State Succession to International Responsibility of any Use?", 26 Hague Yearbook of International Law (2013), p. 141-167.
  17. "The Prohibition Against Arbitrary Conduct and the Fair and Equitable Treatment Standard under NAFTA Article 1105", 15 Journal of World Investment & Trade (2014), p. 117-151.
  18. "The Protection of Investors’ Legitimate Expectations and the Fair and Equitable Treatment Standard under NAFTA Article 1105", 31(1) Journal of International Arbitration (2014) p. 47-74.
  19. “The Consequences of Turkey being the 'Continuing' State of the Ottoman Empire in terms of International Responsibility for Internationally Wrongful Acts”, 14 International Criminal Law Review, 2014, pp. 261-272.
  20. "The Meaning of the Fair and Equitable Treatment Standard under NAFTA Article 1105 in Light of the General Rules of Treaty Interpretation", International Arbitration Law Review (2013) no. 5, p. 121-134.
  21. (avec Daniel Turp) “State Succession With Respect to Multilateral Treaties in the Context of Secession: From the Principle of Tabula Rasa to the Emergence of a Presumption of Continuity of Treaties”, 13 Baltic Yearbook of International Law, (2013) p. 27-65.
  22. “Unilateral Secession In A Multipolar World, Remarks by P. Dumberry”, Proceedings of the 107th Annual Meeting of the American Society of International Law (2013) p. 221-224.
  23. (avec Jacob Stone) "International Law, Whether You Like It or Not: An Analysis of Arbitral Tribunal Practice Regarding the Applicable Law in Deciding State Contracts Disputes under the ICSID Convention in the Twenty First Century", 5 Yearbook on International Investment Law and Policy, (2012-2013), p. 477-516.
  24. "Is Turkey the 'Continuing' State of the Ottoman Empire under International Law?" 59(2) Netherlands International Law Review2012, p. 235-262.
  25. (avec Gabrielle Dumas-Aubin), "How to Impose Human Rights Obligations on Corporations under Investment Treaties? ", 4 Yearbook on International Investment Law and Policy, 2011-2012, p. 569-600. Voir aussi: blog post "How to Incorporate Human Rights Obligations in Bilateral Investment Treaties?", in: Investment Treaty News Quarterly, mars 2013, p. 9.
  26. "Turkey’s International Responsibility for Internationally Wrongful Acts Committed by the Ottoman Empire", 42 Revue générale de droit, 2012, p. 562-589.
  27. (avec Gabrielle Dumas-Aubin), "When and How Allegations of Human Rights Violations can be Raised in Investor-State Arbitration", 13(3) Journal of World Investment & Trade, 2012, p. 349-372.
  28. "Satisfaction as a Form of Reparation for Moral Damages suffered by Investors and Respondent States in Investor-State Arbitration Disputes", 3(1) Journal of International Dispute Settlement, 2012, p. 205-242 (voir aussi Blog Post: "How to remediate moral damages suffered by a State?", Kluwer Arbitration Blog, December 2009).
  29. (avec Martin J. Valasek) "Developments in the Legal Standing of Shareholders and Holding Corporations in Investor-State Dispute", 26(1) ICSID Review-Foreign Investment Law Journal, 2011, p. 34-75.
  30. "Are BITs Representing the 'New' Customary International Law in International Investment Law?", 28(4)Penn State International Law Review, 2010, p. 675-701 (voir aussi Blog Post: "Are BITs Representing the “New” Customary International Law in International Investment Law?", Kluwer Arbitration Blog, September 2009).
  31. "The Legal Standing of Shareholders before Arbitral Tribunals: Has Any Rule Of Customary International Law Crystallised?", 18(3) Michigan State Journal of International Law, 2010, p. 353-374.
  32. "Incoherent and Ineffective: The Concept of Persistent Objector Revisited", 59 International and Comparative Law Quarterly, 2010, p. 779-802.
  33. "The Last Citadel! Can a State claim the Status of 'Persistent Objector' to Prevent the Application of a Rule of Customary International Law in Investor-State Arbitration?", 23(2) Leiden Journal of International Law, 2010, p. 379-400 (voir aussi Blog Post: "Can a State claim the status of “persistent objector” in investor-State arbitration?", Kluwer Arbitration Blog, July 2009).
  34. "Compensation for Moral Damages in Investor-State Arbitration Disputes", 27(3) Journal of International Arbitration, 2010, p. 247-276 (voir aussi Blog Post: "Why and How Arbitral Tribunals Award Compensation For Moral Damages?", Kluwer Arbitration Blog, May 2010)
  35. "Obsolete and Unjust: the Rule of Continuous Nationality in the Context of State Succession", 76(2)Nordic Journal of International Law, 2007, p. 153-183.
  36. "The use of the Concept of Unjust Enrichment to Resolve Issues of State Succession to international Responsibility", Revue belge de droit international, 2006-2, p. 506-528.
  37. "The Controversial Issue of State Succession to International Responsibility in Light of Recent State Practice", 49 German Yearbook of International Law, 2006, p.413-448.
  38. "New State Responsibility for Internationally Wrongful Acts by an Insurrectional Movement", 17(3)European Journal of International Law, 2006, p. 605-621.
  39. "Is a New State Responsible for Obligations arising from Internationally Wrongful Acts Committed before its Independence in the Context of Secession?", 43 Canadian Yearbook of International Law, 2005, p. 419-453.
  40. « L'entreprise, sujet de droit international? Retour sur la question à la lumière des développements récents du droit international des investissements", 108(1) Revue générale de droit international public, 2004, p. 103-122.
  41. (avec Daniel Turp) : « La succession d'États en matière de traités et le cas de la sécession : du principe de la table rase à l'émergence d'une présomption de continuité des traités », 36(2)Revue belge de droit international, 2003, p. 377-412.
  42. "The Hawaiian Kingdom Arbitration Case and the Unsettled Question of the Hawaiian Kingdom's Claim to continuity as an Independent State Under International Law", 1 Chinese Journal of International Law, 2002, p. 655-684.
  43. "The Quest to Define 'Fair and Equitable Treatment' for Investors under International Law: The Case of the NAFTA Chapter 11 Pope & Talbot Awards", 3(4) Journal of World Investment, 2002, p. 657-691.
  44. "Fair and Equitable Treatment for Investors under International Law: An Overview of the Recent NAFTA Chapter 11 Pope & Talbot Awards", 20(3) Bull. ASA, 2002, p. 453-466.
  45. "The NAFTA Investment Dispute Settlement Mechanism and the Admissibility of Amicus Curiae Briefs by NGOs", 4(1) Revista Estudios Socio-Juridicos (University of Rosario, Colombia), 2002, p. 58-79.
  46. "Expropriation under NAFTA Chapter 11 Investment Dispute Settlement Mechanism: Some Comments on the Latest Case Law", 4(3) International Arbitration Law Review, 2001, p. 96-104.
  47. "The Admissibility of Amicus Curiae Briefs by NGOs in Investor-States Arbitration: The Precedent set by the Methanex Case in the Context of NAFTA Chapter 11 Proceedings", 1(3) Non-State Actors and International Law, 2001, p. 201-214.
  48. "The NAFTA Investment Dispute Settlement Mechanism: A Review of the Latest Case Law" 2(1) Journal of World Investment, 2001, p. 151-195.
  49. "The Admissibility of Amicus Curiae Briefs in NAFTA Chapter 11 Proceedings: Some Remarks on theMethanex Case, A Precedent Likely to Be Followed by Other NAFTA Arbitral Tribunals", 19(1) Bull. ASA, 2001, p. 74-85.
  50. « Le recours en interprétation des arrêts de la Cour internationale de Justice et des sentences arbitrales », 13(2) Revue québécoise de droit international, 2000, p. 201-236.

Rapports d’expert / Expert Reports

  1. (avec Daniel Turp) “L’accession du Québec à la souveraineté et la succession d’États en matière de traités”, Gouvernement du Québec, Mises à jour des études originalement préparées pour la Commission parlementaire d’étude des questions afférentes à l’accession du Québec à la souveraineté (1991-1992), Volume 3 (Première partie) (Livre 2), mai 2002, pp. 225-368.

Présentation lors de conférences / Conferences Presentations

  1. "An Overview of State Succession Issues arising as a Result of an Armed Conflict", présentation à la conférence International Investment Law & the Law of Armed Conflict, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 5-6 octobre 2017, Athènes, Grèce.
  2. “The ‘Minimum Standard of Treatment’ in International Investment Law: The Fascinating Story of the Emergence, the Decline and the Recent Resurrection of a Concept”, présentation à la conférence International Law: Coherence or Chaos? (Panel sur ‘Reflections on Minimum Standard of Treatment in International Investment Law’), organisée par le Canadian Council on International Law (CCIL) Conference, Ottawa 6 novembre 2015.
  3. "The ‘Minimum Standard of Treatment’ in International Investment Law: The Fascinating Story of the Emergence, the Decline and the Recent Resurrection of a Concept", présentation à la conférence International Law and Time (panel sur « Continuity, Discontinuity, Recurrence), organisée par le Graduate Institute of International Studies, Genève, Suisse, 12-13 juin 2015.
  4. "Investor-State Dispute Settlement (ISDS)" présentation au Workshop Investment Policy and Promotion: Law, Economics and Policy, organisé par l’Université d’Ottawa et le World Trade Institute (Berne, Suisse), Ottawa, 30 avril et 1er mai 2015.
  5. "State Responsibility for Genocide: Addressing the Preliminary Question of State Identity: The Case of Turkey and the Empire Ottoman”SF, présentation à la conference (Global Forum) Against the Crime of Genocide (panel 2: 'The Issue of Accountability, and Elimination of the Consequences of Genocide'), organisée par la Genocide Centenary Commission of Armenia dans le cadre de la commémoration du centième anniversaire du Génocide arménien, Erevan, Arménie, 22-23 avril 2015.
  6. “Investor-State Arbitration and Human Rights” présentation à la conférence International Right to Health Framework organisée par le “United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Right to Health” à New Delhi, Inde, juillet 2014.
  7. “Between Precedent and Analogy in International Litigation”, présidence d’un panel lors de la conférence Contemporary Actors and their Actions: A New Look at the Formation of International Law organisée par le Canadian Council of International Law, Ottawa, 15 novembre 2013.
  8. Unilateral Secession In A Multipolar World”, présentation faite à la conference International Law in a Multipolar World, organisée par l’American Society of International Law (ASIL), Washington, 5 avril 2013.
  9. “The Consequences of Turkey being the 'Continuing' State of the Ottoman Empire in terms of International Responsibility for Internationally Wrongful Acts”, présentation faite au colloque The Armenian  Genocide : from Recognition to Compensation, organisé par l’Armenian Catholicosate of Cilicia, Beyrouth, Liban, 24-26 février 2012.
  10. Legal Aspects of State Succession”, présentation faite au colloque 1st Catalonia's Self Determination Conference : Bulding a New State, organisé par l’association Sobirania i Justicia, Barcelone, Espagne, 3 novembre 2011. (vidéo) (entrevue
  11. “International Investment Contracts”, présentation faite au colloque The Sources of Rights and Obligations in Transnational Investment Law, Leiden, Pays-Bas, 16 juin 2011.
  12. “Développements récents en matière d’arbitrage entre investisseurs étrangers et États dans le cadre de l’ALÉNA (Chapitre 11)” (avec René Cadieux), Association du Barreau Canadien (division Québec), Montréal, 2 décembre 2008.
  13. “Critical Survey of the United Nations Compensation Commission”, conférence portant sur “Iraq: Take-Over of Oil in the Name of the United Nations”, Palais des Nations, Nations Unies, Genève, Suisse, 30 mars 2001.
  14. Collaborateur fréquent au blogue Kluwer Arbitration Blog

Cours enseignés

  • DRC 2501 (gr. B) - Droit de l’entreprise I
  • DRC 4509 – Droit des organisations internationales
  • DRC 1708 (gr. B) - Droit international public
  • DRC 4545 - Droit international des investissements étrangers

Fields of Interest

  • Droit international public
  • Droit international des investissements (arbitrage entre investisseurs et Etats)
  • Arbitrage commercial international
  • Droit des organisations internationales
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