Charles-Maxime Panaccio


Charles-Maxime Panaccio
Associate Professor

S.J.D.,University of Toronto, 2008
B.C.L., University of Oxford, 2003
B.C.L. et LL.B., McGill University, 1999

Room: 57 Louis-Pasteur, Room 314
Bureau: 613-562-5800 ext. 3248
Télécopieur: 613-562-5121
Courriel professionnel:


Charles-Maxime Panaccio (B.C.L., L.L.B, McGill, 1999; B.C.L., Oxford, 2003; S.J.D., Toronto, 2008) was a clerk for Justice Charles D. Gonthier at the Supreme Court of Canada. He is interested in constitutional rights, the philosophy of law, lawyers' and judges' ethics and the law of evidence.

Publications (sample)


J. Fathally, C.-M. Panaccio, L. Perret, A.-F. Bisson, Les systèmes constitutionnels dans le monde (tr. World Constitutional Systems) (Montreal: Wilson & Lafleur, 2018)

L. Ducharme, C.-M. Panaccio, L'administration de la preuve (tr. Procedural Aspects of the Civil Law of Evidence), 4th ed. (Montreal: Wilson & Lafleur, 2010)

Journal Articles

"Apologia for a General Doctrine of Substantive Equality and Discrimination" (2020) 11 Jurisprudence 000 

"Droits fondamentaux et proportionnalité: analyse et raisonnement" (tr. "Fundamental Rights and Proportionality: Analysis and Reasoning) (2018) 32 Revue de la Recherche Juridique 2001.

"L'univers razien. Raison pratique, autorité, droit" (tr. "The Razian Universe. Practical Reason, Authority, Law") (2018) 9 Droit & Philosophie 13.

"Section 15 and Distributive Underinclusiveness: Aristotle's Revenge" (2018) 38 National Journal of Constitutional Law 125.

Presentation and French translation of two texts by Joseph Raz: Legitimate Authority and The Claims of Law (2013) 57 Droits, Revue française de théorie, de philosophie et de culture juridique 227.

"Le juge Charles Doherty Gonthier et la tradition classique du droit naturel: correspondances" (2012) (tr. Justice Gonthier and the Classical Tradition of Natural Law: Some Points of Correspondence) 56 Supreme Court Law Review (2d) 209; also published in M. Morin et al. Responsibility, Fraternity and Sustainability in Law: In Memory of the Honourable Charles Doherty Gonthier (Markham, ON: LexisNexis, 2012) 209.

“In Defence of Two-Step Balancing and Proportionality in Rights Adjudication” (2011) 24 Canadian Journal of Law and Jurisprudence 109.

C.-M. Panaccio, “Professor Waldron Goes to Canada (One More Time): The Canadian Charter and the Counter-Majoritarian Difficulty” (2010) 39 Common Law World Review 100.

"The Assymetrical Distinctness of the Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms in the Post-Chaoulli Era" (2007) Revue du Barreau du Québec, Special Volume, 30th anniversary of the Quebec Charter of Rights and Freedoms, 217 (with J.-F. Gaudreault-Desbiens)

Book Chapters

"The Justification of Rights Infringements: Section 1 of the Charter" in P. Oliver, P. Macklem & N. Des Rosiers, The Oxford Handbook of the Canadian Constitution, Oxford University Press, 2017.

"La preuve des actes juridiques" (tr. Proof of Juridical Acts) in JurisClasseur Québec: Preuve et prescription, Montreal, Lexis-Nexis, 2018 (updated annually).

“La détermination des faits et de la responsabilité par les commissions d’enquête” (tr. Commissions of Inquiry: Proving Facts and Establishing Responsibility) in Colloque sur les organismes d’enquête: Actes de la formation juridique permanente, Canadian Bar Association, 2009 vol. 6 (Cowansville: Yvon Blais, 2009).

Chaoulli and the Distinct Status of the Quebec Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms, in C. Flood, L. Sossin, K. Roach (eds), Access to Care, Access to Justice: The Legal Debate over Private Health Insurance in Canada (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005) (with J.-F. Gaudreault-Desbiens).

Book Reviews

P. Dawid, W. Twining and M. Vasileki, eds., Evidence, Inference and Enquiry (Oxford University Press, 2012) (2014) 34 Philosophy in Review 161.

G.C.N. Webber, The Negotiable Constitution: On the Limitation of Rights (Cambridge University Press, 2009) (2010) 8 International Journal of Constitutional Law 988.

"H.L.A. Hart: L’homme et le philosophe", review of N. Lacey, A Life of H.L.A. Hart: The Nightmare and the Noble Dream (Oxford University Press, 2004), (2007) 59 Revue Interdisciplinaire d’Études Juridiques 221.


Les tribunaux, consommateurs d'expertise (tr. Courts and Expertise), Découvrir -Le magazine de l'Acfas, Dossier expertise, Avril 2015. 

La stratégie sudiste (on the Parti Québécois' "Charter of Values"), La Presse, 11 septembre 2013

Courses Taught

  • DCL 4726  – Philosophy of Law
  • DRC 4554 – Evidence (Civil Law)
  • DRC 4731 – Law and (Professional) Ethics 

Fields of Interest

  • Constitutional Rights
  • Courts
  • Philosophy of Law
  • Ethics
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