Jennifer Quaid


Jennifer Quaid
Associate Professor and Vice-Dean Research

PhD Queen’s
LLM Columbia
LLM Cantab
LLB magna cum laude Ottawa
LLL magna cum laude Ottawa
B Soc Sci (Econ) Ottawa

Room: 57, Louis-Pasteur, room 207
Bureau: 613-562-5800 ext. 3240
Courriel professionnel:


Jennifer Quaid is an Associate Professor and Vice-Dean Research in the Civil Law Section. She is a leading legal expert and scholar in the fields of Organizational Criminal Liability, Corporate Accountability, and Business Ethics. Her scholarship, policy work and extensive public engagement focuses on when and how can law be used to stimulate good governance and ethical business practices, particularly in the prevention of serious harm flowing from the materialization of foreseeable operational risks, like corruption, fraud and failure to take appropriate measures to protect public safety and the environment. Her interdisciplinary research, which combines criminal law and organization studies, centres on the unique enabling role that business organizations play in creating the conditions for serious blameworthy conduct to occur. Prof. Quaid's most recent work is focused on rehabilitation of organizational offenders through culture change and meaningful consultation of stakeholders. She is also interested in issues related to anti-corruption enforcement, in particular the enactment of Canada's new remediation agreement regime (more commonly known as DPAs) and is leading a 4-year funded comparative study of the use of non-trial resolution mechanisms in corruption matters that brings together researchers in Canada, France and Switzerland. Prof. Quaid's other research interests lie in Criminal Law & Sentencing, Sexual Assault Law, Competition Law, Anti-Corruption Law, Corporate Law and Corporate Governance.

A member of the Bars of Québec, Ontario and New York, Prof. Quaid practised law for several years, first with the federal Department of Justice and then in private practice for a leading New York firm before joining the academy. She clerked for the Honourable Frank Iacobucci of the Supreme Court of Canada.

Prof. Quaid is a member of Transparency International Canada and sits on its legal committee.  She was a member of the Board of Governors of the University from 2018-2021.

Current research projects

  • Resolving corruption prosecutions with negotiated settlements: a comparative study of Canada, France & Switzerland (2020-2024) (SSHRC Insight Grant)
  • Corporate Corruption in Canada (2020-2024) (SSHRC Insight Grant)
  • Working across Disciplines to Understand and Improve Mass Evacuations: Examining Different Types of Risk and Contextual Pressures (2020-2023) (SSHRC Partnership Develpment Grant)
  • Analysis of Antibody Neutralization Efficiency and Cellular Immunity in SARS-CoV-2-Positive Individuals Identified in At-Risk Individuals (2020-2021) (CIHR Operating Grant: COVID-19 Rapid Research Funding Opportunity - Diagnostics )
  • A Critical Assessment of the Impact of Canada's New Remediation Agreement Regime on the Effectiveness of Criminal Enforcement against Organizational Offenders (2019-2020)
  • Sentencing Organizational Offenders: Building a Creative Sentencing Framework (2018-2021) (SSRHC Insight Development Grant)
  • Taking Stock of Trends in Sentencing Organizations since the Bill C-45 Amendments to the Criminal Code (2016-2018)

Click here for more detail on each of these projects.

Publications and Communications

Refereed publications

  • Jennifer A Quaid. "AI and Competition Law." in Florian Martin-Bariteau & Teresa Scassa, eds., AI and the Law in Canada, Toronto: LexisNexis Canada, 2020,151-180.
  • Jennifer A Quaid. "The Limits of Legislation as a Tool of Reform: A Study of the Westray Reform to Organizational Sentencing." 54 RJTUM 511-567.
  • Jennifer A. Quaid. "Balancing Risk and Reward in the Time of COVID-19: Bridging the Gap Between Public Interest and the 'Best Interests of the Corporation'.” in Colleen M. Flood, Vanessa MacDonnell, Jane Philpott, Sophie Thériault & Sridhar Venkatapurum, eds, Vulnerable: The Law, Policy & Ethics of COVID- 19, Ottawa, University of Ottawa Press, 2020, 233-245.
  • Jennifer A Quaid, "At Cross Purposes: Abstract Individualism, Organizational Reality and the Criminal Law". In Tracy Isaacs, Kendy Hess & Violetta Igneski , eds., Collectivity: Ontology, Ethics, and Social Justice, Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2018, 81-106.
  • Jennifer A Quaid, “Negotiated Justice and Economic Crime: Lessons from the Canadian Experience” in Stefano Manacorda & Francesco Centonze, eds, Centro nazionale di prevenzione e difesa sociale - Collana Convegni di studio "Enrico de Nicola - Problemi attuali di diritto e procedura penale”, Criminalità d’impresa e giustizia negoziata: esperienze a confronto, Milano: Giuffrè, 2017, 123-163
  • Jennifer Quaid, “What’s Good for the Goose is Good for the Gander: Considering the Merits of a Presumption of Organizational Capacity”, in Marie-Ève Sylvestre, Julie Desrosiers & Margarida Garcia, eds, Réformer le droit criminel au Canada: défis et possibilités/ Criminal Law Reform in Canada: Challenges and Possibilities, Cowansville: Les Éditions Yvon Blais, 2017, 93-131.
  • Jennifer Quaid & Mistrale Goudreau, “Bref commentaire sur l’affaire Tervita de 2015 », 28 :3 CPI, 703-720.
  • Jennifer Quaid & Mistrale Goudreau, “Cinq décisions en droit de la concurrence en 2013“, (2014) 26:2 CPI 523-552.
  • Jennifer A. Quaid, “Making Sense of the Shift in Paradigm on Cartel Enforcement: The Case for Applying a Desert Perspective” (2012) 58:1 McGill LJ 149-198.

Other publications

  • Jennifer A Quaid & Mark A Drumbl. "Good Faith, Bad Faith – and Justice Iacobucci’s Faith in the Human Condition", in Shauna Van Praagh (Ed.), To Be Frank (Contributions to colloquium in honour of Frank Iacobucci), Montreal, Canada: McGill Faculty of Law (private publication), 2017, 12-15 (
  • Jennifer A. Quaid. “The Next Frontier of International Criminal Law: Holding Organizations to Account as Distinct Responsible Actors”, in Alexander Dawson & Jennifer Simons, eds., Conference Report – International Criminal Justice: The State of Play Conference – 19-20 March 2015, Vancouver: Morris J. Wosk Centre for Dialogue, Simon Fraser University & The Simons Foundation, 2016, 69-73.
  • Jennifer A. Quaid, “Infractions relatives à la concurrence“, in Droit de la consommation et de la concurrence, vol. 6, Droit des affaires collection (S. Rousseau, ed.), Encyclopédie Jurisclasseur Québec, Montréal: LexisNexis Canada, 2015 (last updated 2020).
  • Jennifer A. Quaid, “La responsabilité pénale des organisations“, in Droit pénal général, vol. 1, Droit pénal collection (S. Roy & M.-P. Robert, eds.), Encyclopédie Jurisclasseur Québec, Montréal: LexisNexis Canada, 2013 (last updated 2020).

Conference presentations

  • "The view from Canada on meeting victim expectations" Invited speaker. Virtual presentation included in Plenary Session 5: "Victims of economic crime – can we meet their expectations?" of the 38th Cambridge International Symposium on Economic Law, Who Pays and Who Should Pay, 7 September 2021. (See video here)
  • Corporate Criminal Liability – can we learn from international approaches? Invited speaker on panel by the Centre for Financial Law, Regulation & Compliance (FinReg) and the Law Commission  (UK) as part of a series on consultations considering the merits of reform to the corporate criminal liability regime in the UK, 1 July 2021.
  • Civil Law Section Conference Series, « Disruption économique des activités numériques : dialogue Europe-Canada » co-presentation with Céline Castets-Renard (virtuelle conference), 8 June 2021.
  • “Best Interests of Whom?: How Separate Legal Personality Within Corporate Groups Undermines Stakeholder Accountability and the Public Interest”, Contemporary Theories in Corporate Law and Corporate Governance, Daughters of Themis Online Workshop, co-presentation with Carol Liao (UBC), 1 June 2021.
  • “La lutte contre la corruption au Canada – Un bilan qui stagne ou le début d’une ère nouvelle? », Webinaire (TI Canada), invited panelist with Julie Dufresne, Jonathan Légaré and John Sypnowich, moderated by Susan Côté-Freeman, 1 mars 2021.
  • "La responsabilisation des entreprises dans le contexte de la pandémie". Invited panellist. Vulnérable: Le droit, la politique et l'éthique de la COVID-19, Public Law Centre, Faculty of Law, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, 19 October 2020.
  • "Fraud and Corruption: Trends During Times of Crisis". Invited panellist. Canadian Bar Association Spring Law Series 2020 (Business Law Section). Webinar. 2 June 2020.
  • "Accountability in Complex Settings" . Invited panellist, 2019 Policy Matters Speaker Series, 29 October 2019, MacEachen Institute for Public Policy and Governance, Dalhousie University, Halifax, 29 October 2019.
  • "Resolving Cartel Matters Without Guilty Pleas", Invited panellist, Canadian Bar Association Competition Law Fall Conference, Ottawa, 16-18 October 2019.
  • « Concevoir une réforme radicale : l’importance d’une approche axée sur les pratiques des acteurs », 1st biennial Rendez-vous international de la recherche sur les réformes du droit et de la justice, Réformer la justice: des théories de l’action publique aux pratiques des acteurs, Montréal, 19-20 September, 2019.
  • « Les accords de réparation : Ce que vous devez savoir sur les accords de poursuite différé « Made In Canada »», invited panellist, with Me Stéphane Hould et M. Vladimir Napoléon (GRC) , part of the Après-midi de dialogue 2019 – Montréal conference organised by Transparency International Canada, Montreal, 6 June 2019.
  • «Responsabilité pénale des entreprises : gouvernance et stratégie des entreprises en regard du régime de traitement alternatif de la criminalité », One of three panelists invited to speak on the conference topic (with Prof. Amissi Manirabona and Me Tommy Tremblay), Les rendez-vous juridiques 2018-2019, Faculté de droit, Université de Montréal, 13 March 2019.
  • In Search of Rehabilitation: Taking Stock of Trends in Sentencing Organizational Offenders in Canada since the Westray Reforms”, Encountering Crime, Doing Justice, 31st Annual Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology (ANZSOC) Conference 2018, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia, 4-7 December 2018.
  • "What’s Good for the Goose is Good for the Gander : Crafting a Presumption of Organizational Capacity. 2nd Biennial Conference on Criminal Law", Vers une réforme législative en droit criminel / Towards a Legislative Reform of Canadian Criminal Law, Quebec City, Canada, 3-5 May 2017.
  • "Quel rôle devrait jouer le droit pénal des entreprises en réponse aux évènements survenus à Lac-Mégantic?"  . What Lessons Have We Learned from the Lac-Mégantic Rail Disaster? Conference co-organized by the Faculty of Law and the Human Rights Research and Education Centre, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada, 8 December 2016.
  • “Finance and Criminal Accountability for the Materialization of Catastrophic Risk: A Consideration of the Moral Limits of the Profit Motive”, Finance & Social Justice Conference, Finance & Philosophy @ UBT,  Departments of Philosophy & Economics, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany, 3-5 November 2016.
  • “Plea-Bargaining and Economic Crime: Exploring the Tensions and Contradictions in Canadian Law”, Corporate Crime and Negotiated Justice: Comparing Experiences, Fondazione Centro nazionale di prevenzione e difesa sociale (CNPDS), Commissione “Enrico de Nicola” di diritto e procedura penale and the International Scientific and Professional Advisory Council of the United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme (ISPAC), Milan, Italy, 28 October 2016.
  • “At Cross Purposes: Abstract Individualism, Organizational Reality and the Criminal Law”, Collective Action: Ontology, Ethics, and Application, Manchester Centre for Political Theory, Manchester, UK, 8-9 September 2016.
  • « Dénoncer à tout prix? La coexistence inconfortable entre les régimes de disqualification aux appels d’offres publics et les programmes d’immunité et de clémence en matière de concurrence », Conformité en entreprise : perspective canadienne et internationale, Université de Montréal, 6 November 2015. 
  • “The Next Frontier of International Criminal Law: Holding Organizations to Account as Distinct Responsible Actors”, International Criminal Justice: The State of Play Conference, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, 18-20 March 2015.

Courses taught

  • DRC 1701 Droit pénal I
  • DRC 4590 Droit de l’entreprise II
  • DRC 4594 Droit de la concurrence

Fields of Interest

  • Droit pénal des entreprises
  • Droit pénal général
  • Imposition de la peine
  • Droit de la concurrence
  • Droit des affaires
  • Governance d'entreprise
  • Pratiques commerciales éthiques
  • Théories de l'organisation et culture des organisations
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